Shabbat - the Sabbath

Weekly Feast

On the 7th day G-d completed the act of creation and rested.  He set the 7th day apart as holy.  He commanded the 7th day to be remembered and kept holy by His people, by restraining from work and by resting.

Yeshua's Fulfillment - Our continual Shabbat rest comes when we enter into His rest and experience His forgiveness, peace and love.

Biblical Reference:
Genesis 2:2-3
Exodus 20:8-11
Exodus 31:12-17
Leviticus 23:3
Deuteronomy 5:12-15
Hebrews 4:9-11

Pesach - Passover

Nisan 15

G-d commanded the Israelites to commemorate the passing over of the Angel of Death (the last plague in Egypt, which killed the firstborn), as a lasting ordinance.

Yeshua's Fulfillment - Yeshua (Jesus) was an innocent, blemish- free lamb that was sacrificed on Passover, so that those who believed in Him would not suffer spiritual death but would have everlasting life with G-d. Yeshua fulfilled the Jewish expectation of Mashiach ben Josef (Messiah, Son of Joseph – the suffering Messiah, who had to died for the salvation of His people, Isaiah 53).

Biblical Reference:
Exodus 12:21-23
Leviticus 23:5
Zechariah 12; 13
John 1:29
Hebrew 9:19-10:31
1 Corinthians 5:7

Chag HaMatzot - Unleavened Bread

Nisan 15-22

Messiah's Burial - Counting of the Omer Nisan 15-Sivan 5 - countdown to Shavu'ot
G-d commanded the Israelites to refrain from bread with yeast (leaven), as a lasting ordinance commemorating the day G-d brought the Israelites out of Egypt (bondage or slavery).

Yeshua's Fulfillment - Yeshua's body was buried on the Day of Preparation (John 19:31).  Since He was without sin (never in bondage or slavery), He provided freedom from slavery to sin for all who received Him.

Biblical Reference:
Exodus 12:17-19
Leviticus 23:6-8
John 6:32-36; 23:6
1 Corinthians 5:8

Reishit Katzir - First Fruits

Nisan 17

Messiah's Resurrection - G-d commanded the Israelites to offer up sacrifices of lamb, goat, wine and grain with the first spring harvest in the land of Israel.

Yeshua's Fulfillment - Yeshua rose from the dead, becoming

G-d’s first fruits of the resurrection (He was the first to rise from the dead and remain alive) Messianic Jews celebrate Yeshua’s resurrection during Passover Week, as did the early Church, for the 1st 300 years.

Biblical Reference:
Leviticus 23:9-14
1 Corinthians 15:20-23

Shavu'ot - Pentecost or 50th day

Sivan 6-7

The giving of the Torah at Sinai and the giving of the Ruach HaKodesh to the Body of Messiah (Holy Spirit in Acts 2)
Jewish tradition states this is when G-d gave the Torah (the Law) at Mt Sinai.  Shortly afterwards, 3000 people died because they worshiped the golden calf (idolatry).

Yeshua's Fulfillment - This is when G-d poured out His Holy Spirit on a group of Jewish followers of Yeshua. Over 3000 people were resurrected from spiritual death.

Biblical Reference:
Leviticus 23:15-21
Acts 2

Rosh HaShanah - Yom Teruah

(Feast of Trumpets)

Tishri 10

G-d commanded the Israelites to commemorate the day with trumpet blast along with a sacrifice and a day of rest.

Yeshua's Fulfillment - Future fulfillment – according to Jewish tradition, Messiah will come on Rosh Hashana, like a bridegroom coming for His bride.  Many believers in Yeshua look forward to His second coming at the time of the blowing of the shofar.

Biblical Reference:
Leviticus 23:23-25
Daniel 12:2-3
Matthew 25:34-461
Thessalonians 4:16-17

Yom Kippur - Day of Atonement

Tishri 10

This is the most sacred day of the year, when Israelites fasted and repented of their sins.  The High Priest entered into the Holy of Holies and sprinkled blood on the Mercy Seat of the Ark of the Covenant.  This provided atonement for the sins of the people for a year.

Yeshua's Fulfillment - Future fulfillment – this is considered to be the day of judgment for humanity, which will take place when Messiah comes.

Biblical Reference:
Leviticus 23:26-32
Joel 2
Zephaniah 3:7-20
Zechariah 3:9; 12:10; 13:1; 14:9
Romans 11:26-27

Sukkot - Feast of Tabernacles

Tishri  15-21

G-d commanded the Israelites to commemorate the time He dwelled with them in the wilderness.

Yeshua's Fulfillment - Future fulfillment – believed by some to correlate to the Messianic Kingdom when Yeshua will establish His Kingdom in Jerusalem, and we will dwell with Him. Fulfilling the Jewish expectation of Mashiach ben David (Messiah, Son of David –the reigning Messiah).

Biblical Reference:
Leviticus 23:33-44
Revelations 20:6-15
Revelations 21:1-3